Reuters/ORANGE FARM, South Africa
In a dusty township south of Johannesburg, hundreds of excited children play football in a project designed to leave a legacy long after the World Cup circus has moved on from South Africa.
Unlike thousands of their peers kicking footballs on scrappy grounds around the country, the children are dressed in pristine kit and many are wearing boots for the first time.
The tournament is organized by Dreamfields, a project founded by well-known broadcast journalist John Perlman, which he hopes will live on as a tangible benefit from the World Cup, immune from questions over vast infrastructure spending in a nation where much of the population remains mired in poverty.
Perlman, 50, dreamed up his project just before the last World Cup in Germany in 2006 as he contemplated the tournament coming to his often troubled nation.
"I had this feeling that it is quite hard to stay in positive space because there are so many things that go on that are complicated. For example the money spent on stadiums is not an unambiguously good thing," Perlman told Reuters.
"The fundamental premise I started from in many ways was that this is a big-hearted country. It is a troubled country with all sorts of divisions and complexes and even paranoias but fundamentally it is a country with a good heart."
Perlman, using his name and his contacts and exploiting what he calls the "warm following wind" of the World Cup, has shown a genius for persuading big South African corporations -- and even small businesses and families -- to cough up money for Dreamfields, and to help run the tournaments.
Dreamfields, with a small staff of six, expects to have raised 20 million rand ($2.7 million) by the end of the soccer spectacular in July. It has already supplied 1,200 schools, representing 16,000 children, mostly in rural areas, with soccer kit, built 12 pitches and organized 96 tournaments.
The recent Orange Farm event was sponsored by the big FirstRand banking group. More than 100 of its staff clearly relished their participation, managing the 25 girls' and boys' teams and providing food, drink, music and trophies.
Soccer's world governing body FIFA has its own Football For Hope project but it is designed to teach life lessons in many countries.
Perlman's project, originally based on his previous enterprise of providing books for school libraries, is more simple and confined to organizing soccer in this country.
However, Dreamfields is linked to other projects, combating crime and drugs or building bridges to dissipate land tensions between rural villages and the national game parks.
"We are in a crowded room but I do think we stand out and I do think we do different things," said Perlman, who still presents a local radio discussion program four nights a week. "We start from the premise that playing sport...is a right."
"We are having fun and learning how to work as a team," said goalkeeper Katleho Selepe, 12, in a break between matches at the Orange Farm tournament, one of Dreamfields' biggest.
"It helps to keep us away from the streets and doing bad things," he said, echoing a frequent theme that football shields youngsters from getting involved in violent crime in the townships.
Mduduzi Ephraim, school coach for one of the girls' teams, said Dreamfields "makes the children fulfil their dreams and be active in sports. It keeps them out of the streets a lot."
Selepe's team mate, striker Tshidiso Matshwisa, 11, said he was wearing boots for the first time. "They fit really well. I am very excited because I want to be a soccer player when I grow up and I will be much better because of these opportunities."
The boys' "manager", bank business analyst Judith Meyer, 21, shared the glow. "It's very different here because you are part of the team and you get to know these boys and girls. You feel like you are doing more than just volunteering for charity work. You are participating in the tournament."
Her colleague, risk manager Koketso Dioka, said as he acted as a linesman for a boys' game: "When I was growing up, we played without soccer boots and facilities. Our shoes were too heavy so we had to play barefoot.
Perlman is politely critical of some aspects of the World Cup, saying there could have been greater opportunities for participation by South African small businesses. "I think the World Cup could have unlocked more of that...There is more fat in this beast that could have been spread."
Measuring the success of the tournament would go beyond stadiums, transport and ticketing.
"The much more difficult thing is to what extent do people feel that they are part of it and involved in the World Cup and there I would venture Dreamfields has made a big contribution."
He admits the next big challenge will be sustaining the project after the momentum of the World Cup has passed.
"If you just play when the circus comes to town and by analogy you just do things in your country because FIFA has come to town, you don't get anything out of it. Things have to continue."
2. [Reuters/Peter Andrews]